Procedures and Surgery
Maternity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gynaecology
 
 
 
 
Ultrasound scan
 
 
 
 
 
Contraception
 
 
 
 
 
Ultrasound Scan
 
 
 
Breast scan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Female Anatomy

The female reproductive anatomy consists of two main parts, namely, the external female genital organs (vulva) and the internal female genital organs. The external organs include the mon pubis (the part which is covered by pubic hair), the labia majora (greater lips), the labia minora (lesser lips), the clitoris (a small rudimentary organ corresponding to the male penis), the urethral orifice (opening of the urethra), and the vaginal orifice (opening of the vagina). The internal organs include the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.

The vaginal is a passage which allows the escape of the menstrual flow, received the penis and the erected sperm during sexual intercourse and provides an exit for the baby during delivery. It is about 10cm long and 7.5cm wide with the cervix lies at its upper part.

The cervix is the base of the uterus. It the passage through which sperm travel to meet the egg, to allow bleeding when menstruation occurs and exit for the baby during delivery. The uterus is about 7.5cm long, 5cm wide and 2.5cm in depth. Its main fucntion is acts as a nurture room for the developing fetus during the whole course of pregnancy. It is also supports the bladder and the bowel. The bladder sits in front of the uterus, and the bowel sits behind it. The lining of the uterus, the endometrium, will shed each month as mentrual blood if no fertilisation occurs.

The fallopian tubes, also known as oviducts or uterine tubes, are two very fine tubes which are lined with cilia (tiny hair), leading from the uterus to the ovaries. The ends of the tube lying next to the ovaries have a finger-like structure named fimbriae. At ovulation, the fimbrae will catch the egg into fallopian tube after it is released from the ovary. The beating wave of cilia in the fallopian tube will move the egg to the uterine cavity through the tube. Each of the tubes is about 9cm long. They are a path in which an egg will travel through in order to reach the male sperm which was released from the male.

The ovary is the egg-producing organs in female, often found in pairs at the fimbriae ends. It is oval in shaped, and measured 3cm x 1.5cm x 1.5cm. Usually each ovary takes turns to release eggs every month; however, if there was a case where one ovary was absent or dysfunctional then the other ovary would continue providing eggs to be released.